Heiner Müller (1929-1995) was one of the most important dramatists and theatre directors of the German Democratic Republic.
His relationship with the East German State began to deteriorate with his drama The Resettler Woman (Die Umsiedlerin) that was censored in 1961 after only one performance. He was banned from the Writers’ Association in the same year. Despite these acts of the state, Müller’s work began to gain popularity both in West Germany and internationally. His plays were premiered in the West: like Germany Death in Berlin. Müller himself directed The Mission (Der Auftrag) in Bochum in 1982. Due to his growing worldwide fame, Müller was able to regain acceptance in East Germany. He was admitted to the Academy of the Arts (Akademie der Künste) in 1984; only two years later he became a member of the Akademie der Künste of West Berlin. After the fall of the Wall, Müller became president of the East German Academy of the Arts for a short time in 1990 before its inclusion in the West German Academy.
Heiner Müller was a member of the Gulliver group.